Mango

Crop Overview

Mango (Mangifera Indica) is the most ancient among the tropical fruits and believed to have originated in the Indo – Burma region. India is the major mango producing country in the world with an annual production of 8.50 million tonnes from an area of one million hectares. Mango is basically a tropical plant but endures wide range of temperature. It grows well under tropical and sub-tropical conditions. It gives profitable yield in semi-arid conditions, especially with irrigation.

 

Major Pests & Damage

Mango hoppers

Mango hoppers

(Idioscopus niveoparsus)

Mango mealy bug

Mango mealy bug

(Drosicha mangiferae)

Mango Fruit fly

Mango Fruit fly

(Bactrocera (Dacus) dorsalis)

Thrips

Thrips

(Scirtothrips mangiferae)

Mango stem borer

Mango stem borer

(Batocera rufomaculata)

 

Major Diseases

Anthracnose
Anthracnose

(Colletotrichum gloeriosporides)

On mango, anthracnose symptoms occur on leaves, twigs, petioles, flower clusters (panicles), and fruits. On leaves, lesions start as small, angular, brown to black spots that can enlarge to form extensive dead areas. The lesions may drop out of leaves during dry weather.

Dieback
Dieback

(Botryodiplodia theobromae)

The disease symptoms of dieback on mango are commonly associated with drying and withering of twigs from top downwards, followed by discoloration, drying and eventual dropping of leaves.

Mango Malformations
Mango Malformations

(Fusarium moniliformae and eriophid mites)

The most common symptom is abnormal, compact development of flowers and shoots. Both normal growth and growth affected by mango malformation disease may be present on the same tree.

Powdery Mildew
Powdery Mildew

(Oidium mangiferae)

The characteristic symptom of the disease is the whitish, superficial, powdery fungal growth, mainly on inflorescences. Affected flowers do not open and in most cases, they shed prematurely. Young fruits may also be covered with powdery growth and drop off prematurely.

Major Diseases

Anthracnose
Anthracnose

(Colletotrichum gloeriosporides)

On mango, anthracnose symptoms occur on leaves, twigs, petioles, flower clusters (panicles), and fruits. On leaves, lesions start as small, angular, brown to black spots that can enlarge to form extensive dead areas. The lesions may drop out of leaves during dry weather.

Dieback
Dieback

(Botryodiplodia theobromae)

The disease symptoms of dieback on mango are commonly associated with drying and withering of twigs from top downwards, followed by discoloration, drying and eventual dropping of leaves.

Mango Malformations
Mango Malformations

(Fusarium moniliformae and eriophid mites)

The most common symptom is abnormal, compact development of flowers and shoots. Both normal growth and growth affected by mango malformation disease may be present on the same tree.

Powdery Mildew
Powdery Mildew

(Oidium mangiferae)

The characteristic symptom of the disease is the whitish, superficial, powdery fungal growth, mainly on inflorescences. Affected flowers do not open and in most cases, they shed prematurely. Young fruits may also be covered with powdery growth and drop off prematurely.

Nutritional Deficiency

Boron

Boron

Zinc

Zinc

Potassium

Potassium

Iron

Iron

 

Recommended Products & Their Applications

 
Hands in the Soil

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